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README.version

1URL: http://download.icu-project.org/files/icu4j/52.1/icu4j-52_1.tgz
2Version: 52.1
3BugComponent: 25699
4

readme.html

1<!DOCTYPE HTML PUBLIC "-//W3C//DTD HTML 4.01 Transitional//EN"
2   "http://www.w3.org/TR/html4/loose.dtd">
3<html>
4<head>
5  <meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
6  <meta http-equiv="Content-Style-Type" content="text/css2">
7  <title>ReadMe for ICU4J</title>
8  <meta name="COPYRIGHT" content="Copyright 2000-2013, International Business Machines Corporation and others. All Rights Reserved.">
9  <style type="text/css">
10h3.doc { background: #CCCCFF }
11h4.doc { text-decoration: underline }
12  </style>
13</head>
14<body style="background-color: rgb(255, 255, 255);" lang="EN-US"
15 link="#0000ff" vlink="#800080">
16<h2>International Components for Unicode for Java (ICU4J)</h2>
17<h3>Read Me for ICU4J 52</h3>
18(Last Update: 2013-Oct-07)
19<hr size="2" width="100%">
20
21<p><b>Note:</b> This is major release of ICU4J. It contains bug fixes and adds implementations
22of inherited API and introduces new API or functionality.
23</p>
24<p>For the most recent release, see the <a
25 href="http://www.icu-project.org/download/"> ICU4J
26download site</a>. </p>
27<h3 class="doc">Contents</h3>
28<ul type="disc">
29  <li><a href="#introduction">Introduction to ICU4J</a></li>
30  <li><a href="#changes">Changes In This Release</a></li>
31  <li><a href="#license">License Information</a></li>
32  <li><a href="#PlatformDependencies">Platform Dependencies</a></li>
33  <li><a href="#download">How to Download ICU4J</a></li>
34  <li><a href="#WhatContain">The Structure and Contents of ICU4J</a></li>
35  <li><a href="#API">Where to Get Documentation</a></li>
36  <li><a href="#HowToInstallJavac">How to Install and Build</a></li>
37  <li><a href="#HowToModularize">How to modularize ICU4J</a></li>
38  <li><a href="#tryingout">Trying Out ICU4J</a></li>
39  <li><a href="#resources">ICU4J Resource Information</a></li>
40  <li><a href="#timezone">About ICU4J Time Zone</a></li>
41  <li><a href="#WhereToFindMore">Where to Find More Information</a></li>
42  <li><a href="#SubmittingComments">Submitting Comments, Requesting
43Features and Reporting Bugs</a></li>
44</ul>
45<h3 class="doc"><a name="introduction"></a>Introduction to ICU4J</h3>
46<p>The International Components for Unicode (ICU) library provides
47robust and
48full-featured Unicode services on a wide variety of platforms. ICU
49supports the
50most current version of the Unicode standard, including support for
51supplementary characters (needed for GB 18030 repertoire support).</p>
52<p>Java provides a strong foundation for global programs, and IBM and
53the
54ICU team played a key role in providing globalization technology to
55Java. But because of its long release schedule, Java cannot always keep
56up with evolving standards. The ICU team continues to extend Java's
57Unicode and internationalization support, focusing on improving
58performance,
59keeping current with the Unicode standard, and providing richer APIs,
60while
61remaining as compatible as possible with the original Java text and
62internationalization API design.</p>
63<p>ICU4J is an add-on to the regular JRE that provides:
64</p>
65<ul>
66  <li><a
67 href="http://www.icu-project.org/userguide/Collate_Intro.html"><b>Collation</b></a>
68&#8211; rule-based, up-to-date Unicode Collation Algorithm (UCA) sorting order<br>
69&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;For fast multilingual string comparison; faster
70and more complete than
71the J2SE implementation</li>
72  <li><a href="http://www.icu-project.org/userguide/charsetDetection.html"><b>Charset
73Detection</b></a> &#8211; Recognition of various single and multibyte charsets<br>
74&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Useful for recognizing untagged text data</li>
75  <li><a
76 href="http://www.icu-project.org/userguide/unicodeSet.html"><b>UnicodeSet</b></a>
77&#8211; standard set operations optimized for sets of Unicode characters<br>
78&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;UnicodeSets can be built from string patterns
79using any Unicode properties.</li>
80  <li><a href="http://www.icu-project.org/userguide/Transform.html"><b>Transforms</b></a>
81&#8211; a flexible mechanism for Unicode text conversions<br>
82&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Including Full/Halfwidth conversions,
83Normalization, Case conversions, Hex
84conversions, and transliterations between scripts (50+ pairs)</li>
85  <li><a
86 href="http://www.icu-project.org/userguide/normalization.html"><b>Unicode
87Normalization</b></a> &#8211; NFC, NFD, NFKD, NFKC<br>
88&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;For canonical text representations, needed for
89XML and the net</li>
90  <li><a
91 href="http://www.icu-project.org/userguide/dateCalendar.html"><b>International
92Calendars</b></a> &#8211; Arabic, Buddhist, Chinese, Hebrew, Japanese, Ethiopic, Islamic, Coptic and other calendars<br>
93&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Required for correct presentation of dates in
94certain countries</li>
95  <li><a
96 href="http://www.icu-project.org/userguide/formatNumbers.html"><b>Number
97Format
98Enhancements</b></a> &#8211; Scientific Notation, Spelled-out, etc.<br>
99&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Enhancements to the normal Java number
100formatting. The spell-out format is
101used for checks and similar documents</li>
102  <li><a
103 href="http://www.icu-project.org/userguide/boundaryAnalysis.html"><b>Enhanced
104Word-Break Detection</b></a> &#8211; Rule-based, supports Thai<br>
105&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Required for correct support of Thai</li>
106  <li><a
107 href="http://www.icu-project.org/userguide/compression.html"><b>Unicode
108Text
109Compression</b></a> &#8211; Standard compression of Unicode text<br>
110&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Suitable for large numbers of small fields,
111where LZW and similar schemes
112do not apply</li>
113  <li><a
114 href="http://www.icu-project.org/userguide/conversion.html"><b>Charset Conversion</b></a> &#8211; Conversion to and from different charsets.<br>
115&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;Plugs into Java CharsetProvider Service Provider Interface (SPI)</li>
116
117</ul>
118<blockquote>
119  <p><b>Note:</b> We continue to provide assistance to Java, and in some
120cases, ICU4J support has been rolled into a later release of Java. For
121example, BCP47 language tag support including Unicode locale extensions
122is now in Java 7. However, the most current and complete version is always
123found in ICU4J.</p>
124</blockquote>
125
126<h3 class="doc"><a name="changes"></a>Changes In This Release</h3>
127
128<p>See the <a href="http://sites.google.com/site/icusite/download/52">ICU 52 download page</a>
129about new features in this release.
130The list of API changes since the previous ICU4J release is available
131<a href="http://source.icu-project.org/repos/icu/icu4j/tags/release-52-1/APIChangeReport.html">here</a>.</p>
132
133<h3 class="doc"><a name="license"></a>License Information</h3>
134<p>
135The ICU projects (ICU4C and ICU4J) use the X license. The X
136license is <b>suitable for commercial use</b> and is a recommended free software license
137that is compatible with the GNU GPL license. This became
138effective with release 1.8.1 of ICU4C and release 1.3.1 of ICU4J in
139mid-2001. All new ICU releases will adopt the X license; previous ICU
140releases continue to utilize the IPL (IBM Public License). Users
141of previous releases of ICU who want to adopt new ICU releases will
142need to accept the terms and conditions of the X license.
143</p>
144<p>
145The main effect of the change is to provide GPL compatibility.
146The X license is listed as GPL compatible, see the GNU page at 
147<a href="http://www.gnu.org/licenses/license-list.html#GPLCompatibleLicenses">
148http://www.gnu.org/licenses/license-list.html#GPLCompatibleLicenses</a>.
149This means that GPL projects can now use ICU code, it does <b>not</b>
150mean that projects using ICU become subject to GPL.
151</p>
152<p>
153 The IBM version contains the essential text of the license, omitting the
154X-specific trademarks and copyright notices. The full copy of <a
155 href="http://source.icu-project.org/repos/icu/icu4j/tags/release-52-1/main/shared/licenses/license.html">ICU's license</a> is included in the download
156package.
157</p>
158<h3 class="doc"><a name="PlatformDependencies"></a>Platform Dependencies</h3>
159<p>
160ICU4J 52 depends on J2SE 5.0 functionality.  Therefore, ICU4J only runs on
161JRE version 5.0 or later.
162The table below shows the operating systems and JRE/VM versions currently
163used by the ICU development team to test ICU4J.
164</p>
165<table border="1">
166<tr>
167  <th rowspan="2">Operating System</th>
168  <th colspan="2">JRE 7</th>
169  <th colspan="2">JRE 6</th>
170  <th colspan="2">JRE 5</th>
171</tr>
172<tr>
173  <th>32bit</th>
174  <th>64bit</th>
175  <th>32bit</th>
176  <th>64bit</th>
177  <th>32bit</th>
178  <th>64bit</th>
179</tr>
180<tr>
181  <th>AIX 6.1</th>
182  <td align="center">-</td>
183  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
184  <td align="center">-</td>
185  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
186  <td align="center">-</td>
187  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
188</tr>
189<tr>
190  <th>AIX 7.1</th>
191  <td align="center">-</td>
192  <td align="center" bgcolor="#CCCCFF"><em><b>Reference platform</b></em></td>
193  <td align="center">-</td>
194  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
195  <td align="center">-</td>
196  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
197</tr>
198<tr>
199  <th>HP-UX 11 (IA64)</th>
200  <td align="center">-</td>
201  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
202  <td align="center">-</td>
203  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
204  <td align="center">-</td>
205  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
206</tr>
207<tr>
208  <th>Mac OS X 10.6</th>
209  <td align="center">-</td>
210  <td align="center">-</td>
211  <td align="center">-</td>
212  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
213  <td align="center">-</td>
214  <td align="center">-</td>
215</tr>
216<tr>
217  <th>Redhat Enterprise Linux 6 (x86)</th>
218  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
219  <td align="center">-</td>
220  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
221  <td align="center">-</td>
222  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
223  <td align="center">-</td>
224</tr>
225<tr>
226  <th>Redhat Enterprise Linux 6 (x86_64)</th>
227  <td align="center">-</td>
228  <td align="center" bgcolor="#CCCCFF"><em><b>Reference platform</b></em></td>
229  <td align="center">-</td>
230  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
231  <td align="center">-</td>
232  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
233</tr>
234<tr>
235<th>Solaris 10 (SPARC)</th>
236  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
237  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
238  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
239  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
240  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
241  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
242</tr>
243<tr>
244  <th>Solaris 11 (SPARC)</th>
245  <td align="center">-</td>
246  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
247  <td align="center">-</td>
248  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
249  <td align="center">-</td>
250  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
251</tr>
252<tr>
253  <th>Windows XP</th>
254  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
255  <td align="center">-</td>
256  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
257  <td align="center">-</td>
258  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
259  <td align="center">-</td>
260</tr>
261<tr>
262  <th>Windows Vista</th>
263  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
264  <td align="center">-</td>
265  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
266  <td align="center">-</td>
267  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
268  <td align="center">-</td>
269</tr>
270<tr>
271  <th>Windows 7</th>
272  <td align="center" bgcolor="#CCCCFF"><em><b>Reference platform</b></em></td>
273  <td align="center">-</td>
274  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
275  <td align="center">-</td>
276  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
277  <td align="center">-</td>
278</tr>
279<tr>
280  <th>Windows 2008 Server</th>
281  <td align="center">-</td>
282  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
283  <td align="center">-</td>
284  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
285  <td align="center">-</td>
286  <td align="center" bgcolor="#DDDDFF">Regularly tested</td>
287</tr>
288</table>
289
290<h3 class="doc"><a name="download"></a>How to Download ICU4J</h3>
291<p>There are two ways to download the ICU4J releases.
292</p>
293<ul type="disc">
294  <li><b>Official Release:</b><br>
295If you want to use ICU4J (as opposed to developing it), your best bet
296is to download an official, packaged version of the ICU4J library files.
297These versions are tested more thoroughly than day-to-day development
298builds, and they are packaged in jar files for convenient download.
299These packaged files can be found at the
300<a href="http://www.icu-project.org/download/">ICU Download page</a>.
301</li></ul>
302<ul type="disc">
303  <li><b>Subversion Source Repository:</b><br>
304If you are interested in developing features, patches, or bug fixes for
305ICU4J, you should probably be working with the latest version of the
306ICU4J source code. You will need to check the code out of our Subversion
307repository to ensure that you have the most recent version of all of
308the files. There are several ways to do this. Please follow the
309directions that are contained on the <a
310 href="http://www.icu-project.org/repository/">Source
311 Repository page</a> for details.
312  </li>
313</ul>
314<p>For more details on how to download ICU4J directly from the web
315site, please see the ICU download page at <a
316 href="http://www.icu-project.org/download/">http://www.icu-project.org/download/</a>
317</p>
318<h3 class="doc"><a name="WhatContain"></a>The Structure and Contents of
319ICU4J</h3>
320<p>Below, all directory pathes are relative to the directory where the
321ICU4J source archive is extracted.
322</p>
323<p><b>Information and build files:</b></p>
324<table border="1">
325<tr>
326  <th>Path</th>
327  <th>Description</th>
328</tr>
329<tr>
330  <td>readme.html</td>
331  <td>A description of ICU4J (International Components for Unicode for Java)</td>
332</tr>
333<tr>
334  <td>build.html</td>
335  <td>The main Ant build file for ICU4J.  See <a href="#HowToInstallJavac">How to Install
336  and Build</a> for more information</td>
337</tr>
338<tr>
339  <td>main/shared/licenses/license.html</td>
340  <td>The X license, used by ICU4J</td>
341</tr>
342</table>
343
344<p><b>ICU4J runtime class files:</b></p>
345<table border="1">
346<tr>
347  <th>Path</th>
348  <th>Sub-component Name</th>
349  <th>Build Dependencies</th>
350  <th>Public API Packages</th>
351  <th>Description</th>
352</tr>
353<tr>
354  <td>main/classes/charset</td>
355  <td>icu4j-charset</td>
356  <td>icu4j-core</td>
357  <td>com.ibm.icu.charset</td>
358  <td>Implementation of <code>java.nio.charset.spi.CharsetProvider</code>.
359  This sub-component is shipped as icu4j-charset.jar along with
360  ICU charset converter data files.</td>
361</tr>
362<tr>
363  <td>main/classes/collate</td>
364  <td>icu4j-collate</td>
365  <td>icu4j-core</td>
366  <td>com.ibm.icu.text<br>
367  com.ibm.icu.util</td>
368  <td>Collator APIs and implementation.  Also includes some public API classes
369  that depend on Collator.
370  This sub-component is packaged as a part of icu4j.jar.</td>
371</tr>
372<tr>
373  <td>main/classes/core</td>
374  <td>icu4j-core</td>
375  <td>n/a</td>
376  <td>com.ibm.icu.lang<br>
377  com.ibm.icu.math<br>
378  com.ibm.icu.text<br>
379  com.ibm.icu.util</td>
380  <td>ICU core API classes and implementation.
381  This sub-component is packaged as a part of icu4j.jar.</td>
382</tr>
383<tr>
384  <td>main/classes/currdata</td>
385  <td>icu4j-currdata</td>
386  <td>icu4j-core</td>
387  <td>n/a</td>
388  <td>No public API classes.  Provides access to currency display data.
389  This sub-component is packaged as a part of icu4j.jar.</td>
390</tr>
391<tr>
392  <td>main/classes/langdata</td>
393  <td>icu4j-langdata</td>
394  <td>icu4j-core</td>
395  <td>n/a</td>
396  <td>No public API classes.  Provides access to language display data.
397  This sub-component is packaged as a part of icu4j.jar.</td>
398</tr>
399<tr>
400  <td>main/classes/localespi</td>
401  <td>icu4j-localespi</td>
402  <td>icu4j-core<br>
403  icu4j-collate<br>
404  </td>
405  <td>n/a</td>
406  <td>Implementation of various locale-sensitive service providers defined
407  in <code>java.text.spi</code> and <code>java.util.spi</code> in J2SE 6.0
408  or later Java releases.
409  This sub-component is shipped as icu4j-localespi.jar.</td>
410</tr>
411<tr>
412  <td>main/classes/regiondata</td>
413  <td>icu4j-regiondata</td>
414  <td>icu4j-core</td>
415  <td>n/a</td>
416  <td>No public API classes.  Provides access to region display data.
417  This sub-component is packaged as a part of icu4j.jar.</td>
418</tr>
419<tr>
420  <td>main/classes/translit</td>
421  <td>icu4j-translit</td>
422  <td>icu4j-core</td>
423  <td>com.ibm.icu.text</td>
424  <td>Transliterator APIs and implementation.
425  This sub-component is packaged as a part of icu4j.jar.</td>
426</tr>
427</table>
428
429<p><b>ICU4J unit test files:</b></p>
430<table border="1">
431<tr>
432  <th>Path</th>
433  <th>Sub-component Name</th>
434  <th>Runtime Dependencies</th>
435  <th>Description</th>
436</tr>
437<tr>
438  <td>main/tests/charset</td>
439  <td>icu4j-charset-tests</td>
440  <td>icu4j-charset<br>
441  icu4j-core<br>
442  icu4j-test-framework</td>
443  <td>Test suite for charset sub-component.</td>
444</tr>
445<tr>
446  <td>main/tests/collate</td>
447  <td>icu4j-collate-tests</td>
448  <td>icu4j-collate<br>
449  icu4j-core<br>
450  icu4j-test-framework</td>
451  <td>Test suite for collate sub-component.</td>
452</tr>
453<tr>
454  <td>main/tests/core</td>
455  <td>icu4j-core-tests</td>
456  <td>icu4j-core<br>
457  icu4j-currdata<br>
458  icu4j-langdata<br>
459  icu4j-regiondata<br>
460  icu4j-test-framework</td>
461  <td>Test suite for core sub-component.</td>
462</tr>
463<tr>
464  <td>main/tests/framework</td>
465  <td>icu4j-test-framework</td>
466  <td>icu4j-core</td>
467  <td>Common ICU4J unit test framework and utilities.</td>
468</tr>
469<tr>
470  <td>main/tests/localespi</td>
471  <td>icu4j-localespi-tests</td>
472  <td>icu4j-core<br>
473  icu4j-collate<br>
474  icu4j-currdata<br>
475  icu4j-langdata<br>
476  icu4j-localespi<br>
477  icu4j-regiondata<br>
478  icu4j-test-framework</td>
479  <td>Test suite for localespi sub-component.</td>
480</tr>
481<tr>
482  <td>main/tests/packaging</td>
483  <td>icu4j-packaging-tests</td>
484  <td>icu4j-core<br>
485  icu4j-test-framework</td>
486  <td>Test suite for sub-component packaging.</td>
487</tr>
488<tr>
489  <td>main/tests/translit</td>
490  <td>icu4j-translit-tests</td>
491  <td>icu4j-core<br>
492  icu4j-translit
493  icu4j-test-framework</td>
494  <td>Test suite for translit sub-component.</td>
495</tr>
496</table>
497
498<p><b>Others:</b></p>
499<table border="1">
500<tr>
501  <th>Path</th>
502  <th>Description</th>
503</tr>
504<tr>
505  <td>main/shared</td>
506  <td>Files shared by ICU4J sub-components under the <code>main</code> directory including:
507  <ul>
508    <li>ICU4J runtime data archive (icudata.jar).</li>
509    <li>ICU4J unit test data archive (testdata.jar).</li>
510    <li>Shared Ant build script and configuration files.</li>
511    <li>License files.</li>
512  </ul>
513  </td>
514</tr>
515<tr>
516  <td>demos</td>
517  <td>ICU4J demo programs.</td>
518</tr>
519<tr>
520  <td>perf-tests</td>
521  <td>ICU4J performance test files.</td>
522</tr>
523<tr>
524  <td>tools</td>
525  <td>ICU4J tools including:
526  <ul>
527    <li>Custom JavaDoc taglets used for generating ICU4J API references.</li>
528    <li>API report tool and data.</li>
529    <li>Other independent utilities used for ICU4J development.</li>
530  </ul>
531  </td>
532</tr>
533</table>
534
535<h3 class="doc"><a name="API"></a>Where to get Documentation</h3>
536<p>The <a href="http://www.icu-project.org/userguide/">ICU user's
537guide</a> contains lots of general information about ICU, in its C,
538C++, and Java incarnations.</p>
539<p>The complete API documentation for ICU4J (javadoc) is available on
540the ICU4J web site, and can be built from the sources:
541</p>
542<ul>
543  <li><a href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/">Index
544to all ICU4J API</a></li>
545  <li><a href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/text/CharsetDetector.html">Charset Detector</a> &#8211; Detection of charset from a byte stream</li>
546  <li>International Calendars &#8211; 
547    <a
548 href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/util/BuddhistCalendar.html">Buddhist</a>,
549    <a
550 href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/util/ChineseCalendar.html">Chinese</a>,
551    <a
552 href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/util/CopticCalendar.html">Coptic</a>,
553    <a
554 href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/util/EthiopicCalendar.html">Ethiopic</a>,
555    <a
556 href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/util/GregorianCalendar.html">Gregorian</a>,
557    <a
558 href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/util/HebrewCalendar.html">Hebrew</a>,
559    <a
560 href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/util/IndianCalendar.html">Indian</a>,
561    <a
562 href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/util/IslamicCalendar.html">Islamic</a>,
563    <a
564 href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/util/JapaneseCalendar.html">Japanese</a>,
565    Persian, Dangi.</li>
566  <li>Time Zone Enhancements &#8211;
567<a href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/util/BasicTimeZone.html">Time zone transition and rule detection</a>,
568<a href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/util/VTimeZone.html">iCalendar VTIMEZONE formatting and parsing</a>,
569<a href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/util/RuleBasedTimeZone.html">Custom time zones constructed by user defined rules</a>.
570  <li>Date Format Enhancements &#8211; <a href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/text/DateTimePatternGenerator.html">Date/Time Pattern Generator</a>,
571<a href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/text/DateIntervalFormat.html">Date Interval Format</a>,
572<a href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/text/DurationFormat.html">Duration Format</a>.
573  <li><a
574 href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/text/Normalizer.html">Unicode
575Normalization</a> &#8211; Canonical text representation for W3C.</li>
576  <li><a
577 href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/text/NumberFormat.html">Number
578Format Enhancements</a> &#8211; Scientific Notation, Spelled out.</li>
579  <li><a
580 href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/text/BreakIterator.html">Enhanced
581word-break detection</a> &#8211; Rule-based, supports Thai</li>
582  <li><a
583 href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/text/Transliterator.html">Transliteration</a>
584&#8211; A general framework for converting text from one format to another,
585e.g. Cyrillic to Latin, or Hex to Unicode. </li>
586  <li>Unicode Text <a
587 href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/text/UnicodeCompressor.html">Compression</a>
588&amp; <a
589 href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/text/UnicodeDecompressor.html">Decompression</a>
590&#8211; 2:1 compression on English Unicode text.</li>
591  <li>Collation &#8211; <a
592 href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/text/RuleBasedCollator.html">Rule-based
593sorting</a>, <a
594 href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/text/StringSearch.html">Efficient
595multi-lingual searching</a>,
596<a href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/text/AlphabeticIndex.html">Alphabetic indexing</a></li>
597</ul>
598<h3 class="doc"><a name="HowToInstallJavac"></a>How to Install and Build</h3>
599<p>
600To install ICU4J, simply place the prebuilt jar file <strong>icu4j.jar</strong>
601on your Java CLASSPATH. If you need Charset API support please also place
602<strong>icu4j-charset.jar</strong> on your class path along with <strong>icu4j.jar</strong>.
603</p>
604<p>
605To build ICU4J, you will need J2SE SDK 5.0 or later (ICU4J locale SPI
606provider sub-components require J2SE SDK 6.0 or later) and the Ant build system
607version 1.7 or later. It's recommended to install both the J2SE SDK and Ant 
608somewhere <em>outside</em>the ICU4J directory. For example, on Linux you might install
609these in <code>/usr/local</code>.</p>
610<ul>
611  <li>Install J2SE SDK 7.</li>
612  <li>Install the <a href="http://ant.apache.org/"><strong>Ant</strong></a>
613  build system. Ant is a portable, Java-based build system similar to
614  make. ICU4J uses Ant because it introduces no other dependencies, it's
615  portable, and it's easier to manage than a collection of makefiles. We
616  currently build ICU4J using a single makefile on all platforms Ant.
617  The build system requires Ant 1.7 or later.
618    <p>Installing Ant is straightforward. Download it (see <a
619 href="http://ant.apache.org/bindownload.cgi">http://ant.apache.org/bindownload.cgi</a>),
620extract it onto your system, set some environment variables, and add
621its bin directory to your path. For example: </p>
622    <pre>
623        set JAVA_HOME=C:\jdk1.7.0
624        set ANT_HOME=C:\ant
625        set PATH=%JAVA_HOME%\bin;%ANT_HOME%\bin;%PATH%</pre>
626    <p>See the current Ant documentation for details.</p>
627  </li>
628</ul>
629<p>Once the J2SE SDK and Ant are installed, building is just a matter of
630typing <strong>ant</strong> in the ICU4J root directory. This causes the
631Ant build system to perform the build target <strong>jar</strong>
632as specified by the file <strong>build.xml</strong>, located in the ICU4J
633root directory. You can give Ant options like -verbose, and you can specify
634other targets.  For example:</p>
635<blockquote>
636<pre>C:\icu4j>ant
637Buildfile: C:\icu4j\build.xml
638
639info:
640     [echo] ----- Build Environment Information -------------------
641     [echo] Java Home:    C:\jdk1.7.0\jre
642     [echo] Java Version: 1.7.0
643     [echo] Ant Home:     C:\ant
644     [echo] Ant Version:  Apache Ant(TM) version 1.9.2 compiled on July 8 2013
645     [echo] OS:           Windows 7
646     [echo] OS Version:   6.1
647     [echo] OS Arch:      amd64
648     [echo] Host:         ICUDEV
649     [echo] -------------------------------------------------------
650
651core:
652
653@compile:
654     [echo] --- java compiler arguments ------------------------
655     [echo] source dir:     C:\icu4j\main\classes\core/src
656     [echo] output dir:     C:\icu4j\main\classes\core/out/bin
657     [echo] classpath:
658     [echo] source:         1.5
659     [echo] target:         1.5
660     [echo] debug:          on
661     [echo] encoding:       UTF-8
662     [echo] compiler arg:   -Xlint:all,-deprecation,-dep-ann,-options
663     [echo] ----------------------------------------------------
664    [mkdir] Created dir: C:\icu4j\main\classes\core\out\bin
665    [javac] Compiling 353 source files to C:\icu4j\main\classes\core\out\bin
666    [javac] Note: Some input files use or override a deprecated API.
667    [javac] Note: Recompile with -Xlint:deprecation for details.
668
669compile:
670
671@copy:
672     [copy] Copying 23 files to C:\icu4j\main\classes\core\out\bin
673
674copy-data:
675    [unjar] Expanding: C:\icu4j\main\shared\data\icudata.jar into C:\icu4j\main\
676classes\core\out\bin
677    [unjar] Expanding: C:\icu4j\main\shared\data\icutzdata.jar into C:\icu4j\mai
678n\classes\core\out\bin
679
680...
681...
682...
683
684_build-localespi:
685
686@compile:
687     [echo] --- java compiler arguments ------------------------
688     [echo] source dir:     C:\icu4j\main\classes\localespi/src
689     [echo] output dir:     C:\icu4j\main\classes\localespi/out/bin
690     [echo] classpath:      C:\icu4j\main\classes\core\out\lib\icu4j-core.jar;C:
691\icu4j\main\classes\collate\out\lib\icu4j-collate.jar
692     [echo] source:         1.6
693     [echo] target:         1.6
694     [echo] debug:          on
695     [echo] encoding:       UTF-8
696     [echo] compiler arg:   -Xlint:all,-deprecation,-dep-ann,-options
697     [echo] ----------------------------------------------------
698    [mkdir] Created dir: C:\icu4j\main\classes\localespi\out\bin
699    [javac] Compiling 22 source files to C:\icu4j\main\classes\localespi\out\bin
700
701
702compile:
703
704@copy:
705     [copy] Copying 10 files to C:\icu4j\main\classes\localespi\out\bin
706
707copy:
708
709@jar:
710    [mkdir] Created dir: C:\icu4j\main\classes\localespi\out\lib
711     [copy] Copying 1 file to C:\icu4j\main\classes\localespi\out
712      [jar] Building jar: C:\icu4j\main\classes\localespi\out\lib\icu4j-localesp
713i.jar
714
715jar:
716
717@src-jar:
718      [jar] Building jar: C:\icu4j\main\classes\localespi\out\lib\icu4j-localesp
719i-src.jar
720
721src-jar:
722
723build:
724
725jar:
726     [copy] Copying 1 file to C:\icu4j
727     [copy] Copying 1 file to C:\icu4j
728
729BUILD SUCCESSFUL
730Total time: 1 minute 51 seconds</pre>
731</blockquote>
732<I>Note: The above output is an example. The numbers are likely to be different with the current version ICU4J.</I>
733<p>The following are some targets that you can provide to <b>ant</b>.
734For more targets run <code>ant -projecthelp</code> or see the build.xml file.</p>
735<table border="1">
736<tr>
737  <th>jar (default)</th>
738  <td>Create ICU4J runtime library jar archives (<code>icu4j.jar</code>, 
739  <code>icu4j-charset.jar</code> and <code>icu4j-localespi.jar</code>)
740  in the root ICU4J directory.</td>
741</tr>
742<tr>
743  <th>check</th>
744  <td>Build all ICU4J runtime library classes and corresponding unit test cases,
745  then run the tests.</td>
746</tr>
747<tr>
748  <th>clean</th>
749  <td>Remove all build output files.</td>
750</tr>
751<tr>
752  <th>main</th>
753  <td>Build all ICU4J runtime library sub-components (under the directory
754  <code>main/classes</code>).</td>
755</tr>
756<tr>
757  <th>tests</th>
758  <td>Build all ICU4J unit test sub-components (under the directory <code>main/tests</code>)
759  and their dependencies.</td>
760</tr>
761<tr>
762  <th>tools</th>
763  <td>Build the tools.</td>
764</tr>
765<tr>
766  <th>docs</th>
767  <td>Run javadoc over the ICU4J runtime library files, generating an HTML documentation
768  tree in the subdirectory <code>doc</code>.</td>
769</tr>
770<tr>
771  <th>jarDocs</th>
772  <td>Create ICU4J doc jar archive (<code>icu4jdocs.jar</code>) containing API reference
773  docs in the root ICU4J directory. </td>
774</tr>
775<tr>
776  <th>jarDemos</th>
777  <td>Create ICU4J demo jar archive (<code>icu4jdemos.jar</code>) in the root ICU4J
778  directory.</td>
779</tr>
780</table>
781
782<p>For more information, read the Ant documentation and the <strong>build.xml</strong>
783file.</p>
784<p><b>Note:</b> If you get an OutOfMemoryError when you are running <tt>"ant check"</tt>,
785you can set the heap size of the jvm by setting the environment variable JVM_OPTIONS
786to the appropriate java options.</p>
787
788<p><b>Eclipse users:</b> See the ICU4J site for information on<a
789 href="http://www.icu-project.org/docs/eclipse_howto/eclipse_howto.html">
790how to configure Eclipse</a> to build and develop ICU4J on Eclipse IDE.</p>
791
792<p><b>Note: </b>To install and configure ICU4J Locale Service Provider, please refer the user guide
793page <a href="http://userguide.icu-project.org/icu4j-locale-service-provider">ICU4J Locale
794Service Provider</a>.</p>
795
796<h3 class="doc"><a name="HowToModularize"></a>How to modularize ICU4J</h3>
797<p>Some clients may not wish to ship all of ICU4J with their
798application, since the application might only use a small part of ICU4J.
799ICU4J release 2.6 and later provide build options to build individual
800ICU4J 'modules' for a more compact distribution.  For more details, please
801refer to the section <em>Modularization of ICU4J</em> in the ICU user's
802guide article <a href="http://userguide.icu-project.org/packaging-icu4j">Packaging ICU4J</a>.
803
804<h3 class="doc"><a name="tryingout"></a>Trying Out ICU4J</h3>
805<p><strong>Note:</strong> the demos provided with ICU4J are for the
806most part undocumented. This list can show you where to look, but
807you'll have to experiment a bit. The demos are <strong>unsupported</strong>
808and may change or disappear without notice.</p>
809<p>The icu4j.jar file contains only the ICU4J runtime library classes, not the
810demo classes, so unless you build ICU4J there is little to try out.
811</p>
812<h4>Charset</h4>
813To try out the <strong>Charset</strong> package, build <strong>icu4j.jar</strong> and
814<strong>icu4j-charset.jar</strong> using the 'jar' target.
815You can use the charsets by placing these files on your classpath.
816<blockquote><tt>java -cp $icu4j_root/icu4j.jar:$icu4j_root/icu4j-charset.jar &lt;your program&gt;</tt></blockquote>
817<h4>Other demos</h4>
818<p>The other demo programs are <strong>not supported</strong> and
819exist only to let you experiment with the ICU4J classes. First, build ICU4J using <tt>ant&nbsp;jarDemos</tt>.
820Then launch the demos as below:</p>
821<blockquote><tt>java -jar $icu4j_root/icu4jdemos.jar</tt></blockquote>
822
823<h3 class="doc"><a name="resources">ICU4J Resource Information</a></h3>
824Starting with release 2.1, ICU4J includes its own
825resource information
826which is completely independent of the JRE resource information. (Note,
827ICU4J 2.8 to 3.4, time zone information depends on the underlying JRE).
828The ICU4J resource information is equivalent to the information in ICU4C and
829many resources are, in fact, the same binary files that ICU4C uses.
830<p>
831By default the ICU4J distribution includes all of the standard resource
832information. It is located under the directory com/ibm/icu/impl/data.
833Depending on the service, the data is in different locations and in
834different formats. <strong>Note:</strong> This will continue to change
835from release to release, so clients should not depend on the exact
836organization
837of the data in ICU4J.</p>
838<ul>
839  <li>The primary <b>locale data</b> is under the directory <tt>icudt52b</tt>,
840  as a set of <tt>".res"</tt> files whose names are the locale identifiers. 
841  Locale naming is documented the <code>com.ibm.icu.util.ULocale</code>
842  class, and the use of these names in searching for resources is documented 
843  in <code>com.ibm.icu.util.UResourceBundle</code>.</li>
844
845  <li>The <b>collation data</b> is under the directory <tt>icudt52b/coll</tt>,
846  as a set of <tt>".res"</tt> files.</li>
847
848  <li>The <b>currency display name data</b> is under the directory <tt>icudt52b/curr</tt>,
849  as a set of <tt>".res"</tt> files.</li>
850
851  <li>The <b>language display name data</b> is under the directory <tt>icudt52b/lang</tt>,
852  as a set of <tt>".res"</tt> files.</li>
853
854  <li>The <b>region display name data</b> is under the directory <tt>icudt52b/region</tt>,
855  as a set of <tt>".res"</tt> files.</li>
856
857  <li>The <b>rule-based transliterator data</b> is under the directory
858  <tt>icudt52b/translit</tt>, as a set of <tt>".res"</tt> files.</li>
859
860  <li>The <b>rule-based number format data</b> is under the directory
861  <tt>icudt52b/rbnf</tt>, as a set of <tt>".res"</tt> files.
862
863  <li>The <b>break iterator data</b> is directly under the
864  directory <tt>icudt52b</tt>, as a set of <tt>".brk"</tt> files, named according to the
865  type of break and the locale where there are locale-specific versions.</li>
866
867  <li>The <b>holiday data</b> is under the directory <tt>icudt52b</tt>,
868  as a set of <tt>".class"</tt> files, named <tt>"HolidayBundle_"</tt>
869  followed by the locale ID.</li>
870
871  <li>The <b>character property data</b> and default <b>unicode collation algorithm
872  (UCA) data</b> is found under the directory <tt>icudt52b</tt>, as a set of
873  <tt>".icu"</tt> files. </li>
874
875  <li>The <b>normalization data</b> is found under the directory <tt>icudt52b</tt>,
876  as a set of <tt>".nrm"</tt> files. </li>
877
878  <li>The <b>character set converter data</b> is under the directory
879  <tt>icudt52b</tt>, as a set of <tt>".cnv"</tt> files.  These files are
880  currently included only in icu-charset.jar.</li>
881
882  <li>The <b>time zone rule data</b> is under the directory 
883  <tt>icudt52b</tt>, as <tt>zoneinfo64.res</tt>.</li>
884
885  <li>The <b>time zone display name data</b> is under the directory
886  <tt>icudt52b/zone</tt>, as a set of <tt>".res"</tt> files.</li>
887</ul>
888<p>
889Some of the data files alias or otherwise reference data from other
890data files. One reason for this is because some locale names have
891changed. For example, <tt>he_IL</tt> used to be <tt>iw_IL</tt>. In
892order to support both names but not duplicate the data, one of the
893resource files refers to the other file's data. In other cases, a
894file may alias a portion of another file's data in order to save
895space. Currently ICU4J provides no tool for revealing these
896dependencies.</p>
897<blockquote><strong>Note:</strong>  Java's <code>Locale</code> class
898silently converts the language code <tt>"he"</tt> to <tt>"iw"</tt>
899when you construct the Locale (for versions of Java through Java 5). Thus
900Java cannot be used to locate resources that use the <tt>"he"</tt>
901language code. ICU, on the other hand, does not perform this
902conversion in ULocale, and instead uses aliasing in the locale data to
903represent the same set of data under different locale
904ids.</blockquote>
905<p>
906Resource files that use locale ids form a hierarchy, with up to four
907levels: a root, language, region (country), and variant. Searches for
908locale data attempt to match as far down the hierarchy as possible,
909for example, <tt>"he_IL"</tt> will match <tt>he_IL</tt>, but
910<tt>"he_US"</tt> will match <tt>he</tt> (since there is no <tt>US</tt>
911variant for he, and <tt>"xx_YY</tt> will match root (the
912default fallback locale) since there is no <tt>xx</tt> language code
913in the locale hierarchy. Again, see
914<code>java.util.ResourceBundle</code> for more information.
915</p>
916<p>
917<strong>Currently ICU4J provides no tool for revealing these
918dependencies</strong> between data files, so trimming the data
919directly in the ICU4J project is a hit-or-miss affair. The key point
920when you remove data is to make sure to remove all dependencies on
921that data as well. For example, if you remove <tt>he.res</tt>, you
922need to remove <tt>he_IL.res</tt>, since it is lower in the hierarchy,
923and you must remove iw.res, since it references <tt>he.res</tt>, and
924<tt>iw_IL.res</tt>, since it depends on it (and also references
925<tt>he_IL.res</tt>).
926</p>
927<p>
928Unfortunately, the jar tool in the JDK provides no way to remove items
929from a jar file. Thus you have to extract the resources, remove the
930ones you don't want, and then create a new jar file with the remining
931resources. See the jar tool information for how to do this. Before
932'rejaring' the files, be sure to thoroughly test your application with
933the remaining resources, making sure each required resource is
934present.
935</p>
936<h4>Using additional resource files with ICU4J</h4>
937<blockquote>
938  <table cellpadding="3" frame="border" rules="none" width="50%">
939    <tbody>
940      <tr>
941        <td><b><font color="red" size="+1">Warning:</font> Resource
942file formats can change across releases of ICU4J!</b></td>
943      </tr>
944      <tr>
945        <td>The format of ICU4J resources is not part of the API.
946Clients who develop their own resources for use with ICU4J should be
947prepared to
948regenerate them when they move to new releases of ICU4J.</td>
949      </tr>
950    </tbody>
951  </table>
952</blockquote>
953<p>
954We are still developing ICU4J's resource mechanism. Currently it 
955is not possible to mix icu's new binary <tt>.res</tt>
956resources
957with traditional java-style <tt>.class</tt> or <tt>.txt</tt>
958resources. We might
959allow for this in a future release, but since the resource data and
960format is not formally
961supported, you run the risk of incompatibilities with future releases
962of ICU4J.
963</p>
964<p>
965Resource data in ICU4J is checked in to the repository as a jar file
966containing the resource binaries, <tt>$icu4j_root/main/shared/data/icudata.jar</tt>.
967This means that inspecting the contents of these resources is difficult.
968They currently are compiled from ICU4C <tt>.txt</tt> file data. You
969can view the contents of the ICU4C text resource files to understand
970the contents of the ICU4J resources.
971</p>
972<p>
973The files in <tt>icudata.jar</tt> get extracted to <tt>com/ibm/icu/impl/data</tt>
974in the build output directory by some build targets.
975</p>
976<h4><a name="resourcesICU4C">Building ICU4J Resources from ICU4C</a></h4>
977ICU4J data is built by ICU4C tools. Please see "icu4j-readme.txt" in <I>$icu4c_root</I>/source/data for the procedures.
978<h5> Generating Data from CLDR </h5>
979<I> Note: This procedure assumes that all 3 sources are present</I>
980<ol>
981    <li>Checkout or download CLDR version 'release-24'</li>
982    <li>Checkout ICU4C with tag 'release-52-1'</li>
983    <li>Checkout ICU4J with tag 'release-52-1'</li>
984    <li>cd to <I>$icu4c_root</I>/source/data directory</li>
985    <li>Follow the instructions in <I>$icu4c_root</I>/source/data/cldr-icu-readme.txt</li>
986    <li>Rebuild ICU4C with the newly generated data.</li>
987    <li>Run ICU4C tests to verify that the new data is good.</li>
988    <li>Build ICU4J data from ICU4C data by following the procedures in <I>$icu4c_root</I>/source/data/icu4j-readme.txt</li>
989    <li>cd to <I>$icu4j_root</I> dir</li>
990
991    <li>Build and test icu4j</li>
992</ol>
993
994<h3 class="doc"><a name="timezone"></a>About ICU4J Time Zone</h3>
995<p>ICU4J 52.1 includes time zone data version 2013g, which is the latest one as of
996the release date. However, time zone data is frequently updated in response
997to changes made by local governments around the world.  If you need to update
998the time zone data, please refer the ICU user guide topic
999<a href="http://userguide.icu-project.org/datetime/timezone#TOC-Updating-the-Time-Zone-Data">Updating the Time Zone Data</a>.</p>
1000<p>Starting with ICU4J 4.0, you can optionally configure ICU4J date and time
1001service classes to use underlying JDK TimeZone implementation (see the ICU4J API reference
1002<a href="http://www.icu-project.org/apiref/icu4j/com/ibm/icu/util/TimeZone.html">TimeZone</a>
1003for the details).  When this configuration is enabled, ICU's own time zone data
1004won't be used and you have to get time zone data patches from the JRE vendor.</p>
1005
1006<h3 class="doc"><a name="WhereToFindMore"></a>Where to Find More
1007Information</h3>
1008<p><a href="http://www.icu-project.org/">http://www.icu-project.org/</a>
1009is the home page of International Components for Unicode development project</p>
1010<p><a href="http://www.ibm.com/software/globalization/icu/">http://www.ibm.com/software/globalization/icu/</a>
1011is a pointer to general information about the International Components for
1012Unicode hosted by IBM</p>
1013<p><a href="http://www.ibm.com/software/globalization/">http://www.ibm.com/software/globalization/</a>
1014is a pointer to
1015information on how to make applications global. </p>
1016<h3 class="doc"><a name="SubmittingComments"></a>Submitting Comments,
1017Requesting Features and
1018Reporting Bugs</h3>
1019<p>Your comments are important to making ICU4J successful. We are
1020committed to investigate any bug reports or suggestions,
1021and will use your feedback to help plan future releases.</p>
1022<p>To submit comments, request features and report bugs,
1023please see <a href="http://www.icu-project.org/bugs.html">ICU bug database
1024information</a> or contact us through the <a
1025 href="http://www.icu-project.org/contacts.html">ICU Support
1026mailing list</a>.  While we are not able to respond individually to each comment, we do
1027review all comments.</p>
1028<br>
1029<br>
1030<h2>Thank you for your interest in ICU4J!</h2>
1031<br>
1032<hr align="center" size="2" width="100%">
1033<p><I><font size="-1">Copyright &copy; 2002-2013 International Business
1034Machines Corporation and others. All Rights
1035Reserved.<br>
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1037</font></I></p>
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